Indian Energy Scenario

October 3, 2006 at 8:13 pm 48 comments

Article Written By: Amit Abhyankar

India’s Per Capita consumption of Energy is much lower than most nations-

Per Capita Energy Consumption (kgs of oil equivalent):

India: 515, Indonesia: 729, Egypt: 73, UK: 3982, Japan: 4099, USA: 7996

Did you know?

  • Commercial sources of Energy (sources that cost i.e. coal, petroleum, electricity) are only 50% of total energy consumption in India. Means non-commercial sources like fuelwood, agricultural waste & animal dung constitute ½ of the total energy consumption in India. 8O
  • More than 60% of Indian households depend on traditional sources of Energy for cooking & heating needs.
  • At current rate of consumption & production, coal reserves in India would last for about 130 years.
  • At current rate of consumption & production, oil in India would last only for about 20 to 25 years. :(
  • In commercial energy consumption, coal constitutes 29%, Oil & gas 54% & electricity 17%.
  • We are using only 20% of total hydro-power potential. (Estimated annual energy potential from hydro-electric sources is around 90000 MW while we are currently producing only 18000 MW. :?
  • Out of total electricity production, 65.8% comes from thermal power plants, 26.3% from hydro electricity & only 3.1% from nuclear power. Non-conventional, renewable energy sources like solar, wind energy constitute nearly 4.9%. (As per NIC site on Ministry of Power).
  • Public sector produces 558 billion kwh of electricity while private sector only 58 billion kwh. :?
  • Uranium reserves in country – 70,000 tonnes (equivalent to 120 billion tonnes of coal) and Thorium reserves – 3,60,000 tonnes (equivalent to 600 billion tonnes of coal) – which is about 5 times the coal reserves in country. :)
  • 65% of total rural energy consumption is met from fuel woods- (180 million tonnes for households + 43 million tonnes for cottage industry, hotels etc). At this rate, in near future, fuelwood could be a greater constraint than availability of foodgrains. :( (The problem can be solved by government spending of around Rs. 1000 crore annually).
  • If animal dung is not utilized for burning and is used as fertilizer, food production would increase considerably because 73 million tonnes of animal dung is burnt every year for energy purposes, which is far more than total fertilizer consumed in agriculture production in India. :oops:
  • From 1951 to 2004, the coal production has increased 12 times, crude oil 110 times & electricity 65 times. :D
  • In 1973, price for petroleum crude oil in global market was only $2 per barrel ($2.09 exactly). 8O
  • Did you know, India has not experienced a sudden shock in its balance of payments after steep increase in global oil prices thanks to large inward remittance of foreign currencies by Indians working abroad (Thank you NRIs!). ;)
  • Only 0.3% of world’s known oil reserves are in India. :(
  • Transport sector accounts for 56% of total oil consumption in India.
  • Millions of poor people in India spend up to 100 man-days every year in gathering fuelwood for cooking purposes. :oops:
  • Demand for coal rises @ 4 to 5% per year, for petroleum products 6 to 7% per year & for electricity 9 to 10% per year.
  • India is second largest exploiter of Wind Energy – 1000 MW (70% by private sector). :)
  • There are 33 lakh bio-gas plants, 2 lakh solar cookers & 10000 street lighting systems using solar photo-voltaic technology.
  • Out of total electricity consumption in India, 34% goes to Industry, 24% to agriculture, 21 % to domestic use, 12% to public lighting & 2% to railway traction. These figures do not include captive (i.e. private sector) power generation.
  • Currently 5,87,560 villages in India have electricity. Still 1,12,400 villages haven’t seen what electricity is! :oops: (most of these are in Assam, Orissa, UP, MP & Rajasthan). And that does not mean that every house in those 5,87,560 electrified villages has electricity…even if 10% of the households get electricity, government declares the village electrified! (This is as per ‘new modified’ definition of ‘electrified villages’ formulated in 2003-04.)
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Entry filed under: Economics. Tags: .

Indian Transport System Indian Agriculture

48 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Gyltsen  |  November 1, 2006 at 9:24 am

    “Out of total electricity production, 84% comes from thermal power plants, 13% from hydro electricity & only 3% from nuclear power (Non-conventional energy sources like solar, wind energy are almost non-existing).” the comment of yours is misinforming the fact. The grid-intractive power generation from “non-conventional” energy sorces is more than 7000 MW excluding few MWs of off-grid systems like solar home systems, solar power plants… as of year 2005 end.

    please see the Press Information Bureau press release of 29th Nov., 2005 at http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=13660&kwd=grid

  • 2. amitabhyankar  |  November 5, 2006 at 1:36 pm

    Oops…sorry! You are right. My info was little outdated. Have made corrections. Thanks for correcting me!

  • 3. chinnamaniganti gangulappa  |  November 20, 2007 at 12:25 pm

    Good Moring sir
    Greetings to you sir
    Iam C.Gangulappa Research scholar dept of economics S.V.University Tirupati. Andhpradesh
    My research area is an entitled by ENERGY USE IN RURAL AREAS-A CASE STUDY CHITTOOR DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH.So Your book is very good hlpfull to me sir.kindly give some suggestion tome with the help of E- mail sir
    With regards
    Thanking you sir
    yours faith fully
    c.gangulappa

  • 4. Pandit  |  November 23, 2007 at 5:15 pm

    Nice stats! any solutions?

  • 5. r.deepa  |  January 29, 2008 at 10:03 am

    good morning sir,

    i am doing the project work on indian electricity feasibility.
    so i need the present situation of indian electricity production, tansmission , utility and the growth of production in india.

    i hope you will help to me’
    thank you sir’

    from
    deepa

  • 6. s n shetti  |  March 5, 2008 at 5:07 pm

    Sir,
    It is really informative.Can awaken the young minds. Throw some light on electriciy crisis in maharastra? Also how to overcome it?

  • 7. priyanka mukadam  |  August 19, 2008 at 10:25 am

    goodmorning sir i m a lecturer of chemistry. i want to scenario abt india . i think this information is sufficient ..

  • 8. Aaditya  |  August 31, 2008 at 9:25 am

    Sir, Please send me detailed data on enegy consumption and presnt energy scenario of India.
    Thanking you in anticipation.
    Aaditya

  • 9. Pradipta Ku. Panigrahi  |  September 19, 2008 at 9:32 pm

    Dear Sir,

    An effort which is “price less” and which is curtain raiser for many.

    Thank you from bottom of my heart.

    what is current scenario as of 2007-08.?

    Pl. update us.

    We r working in renewable energy sector and trying to increase dependency on renewable energy.

    All of our indians should join this race.

    Thanks again.

    Pradipta Panigrahi.
    09437446576

  • 10. sriram srinivasan  |  September 29, 2008 at 3:08 am

    i am currently working on the environmental and social impacts of coal usage and the current scenario.
    could you please send me details of the current scenario .
    do you think there are any feasible solutions to prevent future predictions which threaten humanity?

  • 11. ritesh yadav  |  October 14, 2008 at 5:43 pm

    sir , i want to know latest energy scenario of india . i m a student of m.tech. energy system.

  • 12. MRIGANK MOHAN  |  November 4, 2008 at 3:48 pm

    I m a Journalism student and need some facts and figures about the present energy scenario of India with details.

  • 13. h.shivaga naik  |  December 12, 2008 at 9:57 pm

    sir i need latest solar enrgy sinario of india

  • 14. suresh mane  |  December 25, 2008 at 5:54 pm

    sir, i am mtech student in enegy technology.for my project work, i wants some informatation about present energy scanario (thermal)

    so plz send me.
    thanks
    s.mane

  • 15. c.gangulappa  |  December 31, 2008 at 7:10 pm

    Greetings to you sir
    Iam one of the pursueing in rural energy scenario inb india last 4 years .I thaks for you sir givinmg good suggestions and valuable information reg.. rural energy escenario in india

    With regards

    C.gangulappa

  • 16. dhananjay  |  January 15, 2009 at 2:58 pm

    great going

  • 17. S. Karthikeyan  |  February 21, 2009 at 8:30 pm

    Dear Sir,

    I am doing a project on Fuel Consumtion In India. Kindly send me the materials

  • 18. S. Karthikeyan  |  February 21, 2009 at 8:31 pm

    Useful for doing research

  • 19. P.L.Kulkarni  |  June 1, 2009 at 1:39 pm

    Very useful information indeed.I am a national faculty on Electricity act,rules,& safety ,as such need latest updates in my presentations,so pl.provide them.Thanks & Regards.

  • 20. P.L.Kulkarni  |  June 1, 2009 at 1:42 pm

    Pl.send the updates on my E-mail.

  • 21. JAGDISH GUPTA  |  June 29, 2009 at 6:09 pm

    Your collection of information on overall energy secenerio in India is very informative and useful.

    Kindly update the information and let all know the updated data as on June 2009.

    Kindly send a copy of the updates through mail also.
    Thanks and regards.

  • 22. sanjay swami  |  September 20, 2009 at 2:24 pm

    sir i want to know the current energy scenerio of indai and reserve of coal and gas in india , per capita energy consuption in india i am the student of university of petroleum and energy studies

  • 23. srinath  |  October 1, 2009 at 3:07 pm

    I need upto date energy scenario in india especially with respect to renewable energy secifically biomass

  • 24. DURGA MALLESWARA RAO  |  October 16, 2009 at 2:33 pm

    excellent sir it will be usual for all electrical engineers

  • 25. DURGA MALLESWARA RAO  |  October 16, 2009 at 2:34 pm

    sir i want world power scenario

  • 26. savita  |  November 20, 2009 at 6:53 pm

    i want to know about coal scenario for india’s future

  • 27. G C Dingra  |  November 21, 2009 at 9:41 pm

    I want to know the following:-

    (i) Installed capacity of power in the country in1951 and in March 2009.
    (ii) Per capita energy consumption in units in above years.
    (iii) latest consumption pattern by various sectors in % of total consumption.
    (iv) Total wind power potential in India that can be harnessed

  • 28. priya parikh  |  December 1, 2009 at 10:20 am

    the information is very interesting and useful for improving knowledge and research.
    please give us total MW generation by each energy resources not only percentage.

    here i think nearly 80% of electricity is generated by thermal power plant, which is given in many books. you are telling it is only 50%. is it so? if it is so, it is a grate achivement.

  • 29. sirisha  |  December 16, 2009 at 12:34 pm

    sir ,i am doing M.Tech in energy system so i need information regarding energy scenario in india,which wiil be helpful to my project work.
    so kindly furnish the information .
    thanking you.

  • 30. sanjay gadpayale  |  December 30, 2009 at 1:31 pm

    sir i want todays energy scanario of india as wel as maharastra plz mail me thanking u…..

  • 31. tony  |  January 22, 2010 at 8:51 am

    Dear Deepa,

    I have a job for you in power domain. pls rush your resume.

    tony
    http://www.jtechindia.com

  • 32. nitin joshi  |  February 18, 2010 at 3:15 pm

    m a student of electrical engineering final year and doing a project on Indian energy scenario can u plz send me some information regarding d same…

  • 33. Payal Suhane  |  March 16, 2010 at 10:54 am

    Sir,
    I am a PhD research scholar I want to know the energy generation and demand scenario of india with all type of sources like thermal, hydro, nuclear nad renewable. Colud u please send the same over my mail id

  • 34. Saket  |  August 18, 2010 at 6:45 pm

    Do you know SAKET PROJECTS LTD has complied unique publication – energy India 2020. Please vision for content ; http://www.saketprojects.com/energy2020

  • 35. Shailesh Telang  |  December 29, 2010 at 10:22 am

    Nice blog post. I’ve also wrote the same as I am in the same field i.e. Renewable energy and Environmental consultancy services.

    https://greencleanguide.wordpress.com/2010/12/25/hello-world/

  • 36. shishir singh  |  May 16, 2012 at 12:27 am

    well . . . !
    Thanks for this

  • 37. piyush bansal  |  May 21, 2012 at 11:50 am

    thnx fr helping us

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  • 39. puja debbarma  |  January 20, 2013 at 7:04 pm

    thank u sir for your information it is very informative and useful for modern people i m 2nd year b.tech from nit from ee

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  • 45. K.Jaiganesh  |  June 7, 2013 at 5:32 pm

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Who Am I?

I am Amit Abhyankar, resident of Maharashtra (India), and a qualified lawyer. I am preparing for Civil Services and this & other blogs of mine are part of my endeavour to acquire all-round knowledge. I would always appreciate your comments…keep them coming! You can also mail me at amitlapatra@gmail.com …Happy Reading!

About this Blog…

The blog primarily aims at providing statistical picture of present India…Social, Economic, Political & Technical…Writing detailed articles on those topics is not intended here. I have other blogs of mine for that purpose (E.g. India Indited)…You would find it in the Links Section...I hope this blog proves to be an interesting knowledge-voyage!

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